Dr Backhaus melatonin sleep aid, helping you achieve a healthier sleep.
Dr Backhaus melatonin sleep aid
Dr Backhaus set out to create a completely natural and non-habit forming melatonin sleep aid.
This melatonin sleep aid do not produce any side effects, is totally non addictive and has some ingredients which help you to wake up feeling rejuvenated.
In a nutshell
Dr Backhaus melatonin sleep aid helping you get to sleep and wake up in the morning feeling refreshed and ready to face the day.
Dr Backhaus melatonin sleep aid
Most natural sleep remedies contain melatonin and valerian. Add to these ingredients chamomile, lemon balm, GABA, L-theanine, passion flower, hops and 5-HTP, then you have a powerful natural sleep aid.
Before you buy melatonin – read our summary
What is melatonin?
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is an endogenous hormone that is produced in a small part of the brain, the pineal gland. It is located above the midbrain and is no bigger than a pea. This controls the release of melatonin, which directs the body’s day-night rhythm. Light falls in the eyes during the day, reducing the pineal gland’s melatonin secretion.
As a result, there is less melatonin in the blood and we do not feel tired. At night, this light incidence reduces in the eyes and the pineal gland begins again with increased melatonin secretion. Now there is more melatonin in the blood and we are getting sleepy. For this reason, melatonin is also referred to as a sleep hormone.
Melatonin is also found in small amounts in a natural occurrence in certain foods. Unfortunately, this proportion is not sufficient to achieve a noticeable effect. Therefore, it is important to find a high quality melatonin in optimal dosage. Herbano offers you the highest quality melatonin.
The biorhythm and melatonin
Melatonin is responsible for the biorhythm of the body. Why is that important? Biorhythm does not mean anything other than our very own internal clock, which is subject to a 24-hour rhythm. This inner clock plays an important role and regulates when we fall asleep and wake up again.
The circadian system
As already explained, the body produces more melatonin in the dark, with light the mirror sinks. For this reason, blind people or night workers often have problems with their melatonin levels. But for all of us, too little light during the day or a bright light in the evening disturbs the normal melatonin cycle of the body.
When your body is exposed to light, a nerve tract is stimulated from the retina to the hypothalamus in your brain. There sits the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), which stimulates the pineal gland. As a result, the gland begins to produce melatonin and releases it into the bloodstream.
The precursor of melatonin is serotonin, a neurotransmitter derived from the amino acid tryptophan. Within the pineal gland, serotonin is converted to melatonin. For this to happen, it needs a mediator – a chemical substance called acetylserotonin, which is made from serotonin. In addition to being a precursor to melatonin synthesis, acetylserotonin is also known for its antidepressant, cognitive, and anti-aging properties.
Once serotonin has been converted to melatonin, the two neurotransmitters no longer react with each other. Like melatonin, serotonin also affects your sleep. It transmits signals between the nerve cells that affect everyday brain functions. Many of the health benefits that were previously assigned to higher levels of serotonin are probably due to the fact that serotonin is what makes melatonin production possible.
The pineal gland usually begins melatonin production around 9 pm. Your melatonin level jumps and you feel tired. In a healthy body, melatonin levels remain elevated while you sleep – for a maximum of twelve hours. Thereafter, the melatonin level drops and is barely measurable around 9 o’clock in the morning. At this booth he stays the whole day.
Melatonin plays a significant role in the female cycle because the hormone controls the release of female reproductive hormones: the beginning and end of menstruation (menarche and menopause) and the length and frequency of the control cycle.
Young children have the highest melatonin concentration at night. Many scientists believe that as we get older, melatonin levels drop. If so, that would explain why seniors often do not sleep well.
Melatonin for sleep problems and jet lag
The key to restful sleep is, among other things, the correct level of melatonin in the bloodstream. Sufficient restful sleep is essential to our health. But many of us suffer from sleep disorders from time to time, which are based on very different causes. These include long working hours, frequent travel or long-distance travel, but also complaints that often wake us up at night, such as urgency or stressful events.
Especially as we grow older, our sleep patterns change and sleep disorders develop. Young people find it easy to get enough sleep, but the older we get, the less and restless we sleep and get up early. Older people are often prone to sleep disorders and frequent night awakenings. This is because overall the melatonin level drops the older we get.
So we have from the age of 30 just about as much melatonin as a 5-year-old child. From the age of 65, our body already has less melatonin than a newborn child. This seriously puts our dormancy and sleep capacity to the test.
Sleep-promoting properties of melatonin
A large-scale study revealed a number of sleep-promoting properties of melatonin. Scientists evaluated 15 studies on the sleep of healthy adults. They found that melatonin significantly reduced the time to fall asleep (sleep latency), as well as the sleep efficiency (ie how much time the subjects were really asleep in bed) and the overall duration of sleep.
Men who suffer from a benign prostate enlargement often sleep badly, as they often have to go to the bathroom at night. British scientists found that melatonin can be an effective solution to this problem. Twenty older men received two milligrams of melatonin every day for one month. They reported that at night, they had to urinate less frequently, making their discomfort less disturbing.
Night workers often suffer from chronic fatigue and have difficulty sleeping during the day. The administration of melatonin can help them improve their sleep duration and quality during the day. This finding shows an important feature of melatonin: The hormone exerts its hypnotic (sleep-inducing) and sedative (anxiolytic) properties regardless of the time of ingestion.
Traveling to other time zones often leads to fatigue and insomnia, known as jet lag. The administration of melatonin can reduce or eliminate the effects of jet lag, especially when traveling over multiple time zones. Melatonin helps the body re-synchronize biorhythms, helping travelers adjust to local time.
Melatonin promotes healthy sleep patterns in some people, regardless of the cause of their insomnia. Through targeted delivery of melatonin, we can control our internal clock and gain easier sleep and dormancy.
Melatonin for anti-aging
The fact that the night is used for the regeneration of the body is well known. When dusk sets in, the body begins to increase the synthesis of melatonin. As soon as night falls, it moves through the body in the highest concentration, offering each cell and organ the opportunity to reduce its workload. Many processes in the body are now reduced to the minimum.
However, the most important process is the drop in body temperature. As a result, the supercooled organs work less quickly and survive longer. At the same time, the ability of the cell to perform energy-consuming reactions also decreases. This hypothermic condition has the potential to interrupt degeneration. It allows the body to perform those repairs that it can not perform while awake. The body becomes relaxed and invigorated at the same time.
Melatonin for the immune system
In addition to its ability to regenerate the body, melatonin is also considered the strongest body’s antioxidant. A weakened melatonin production inevitably leads to an increased attack of free radicals. Free radicals are caused by nicotine, alcohol and harmful environmental influences. Melatonin has the ability to bind these free radicals and make them harmless to then excrete them from the body. This is how melatonin protects the cells, especially the sensitive cell nucleus. The immune system can be strengthened and aging signs diminished.
When buying melatonin in the UK, look out for these side effects
Is the intake of melatonin safe?
Oral intake for a short period of time is generally safe. Some people tolerate melatonin over a longer period without side effects. Melatonin was safely taken for up to two years.
Some people report lively dreams or nightmares. An excessive dose of melatonin can lead to a disturbed biorhythm. Other possible side effects include headache, dizziness, daytime sleepiness, short-term depressive feelings, abdominal cramps, irritability, and decreased libido. If you feel drowsy in the morning after taking it, try a lower dose.
Pregnant or lactating women should not take melatonin. Because melatonin is a hormone, you should only take it under the supervision of a doctor, especially if you have had hormone-related symptoms in the past.
Melatonin can affect the effectiveness of some medications while reducing the side effects of others. In general, you should consider interactions with the following medicines:
Talk to your doctor before taking melatonin for the first time, especially if you have other problems or if you are taking medication.
Do not drive a car for five hours after taking it or work on any machine. If you have accidentally or accidentally taken too high a dose of melatonin, seek medical attention immediately.
Can you take too much melatonin? As with any drug or supplement, it is possible to overeat. Most doctors and scientists recommend a daily dose of no more than five milligrams. The individual dose depends on the person and their condition.
Melatonin is very popular in tablet form, especially the orodispersible tablets, which are placed under the tongue and promise a quick uptake of the hormone. Applied topically, melatonin promises a better skin appearance and better sleep. Scientists found that the hormone penetrates the top layer of skin and strengthens the skin cells so they can better regenerate, repair and revitalize at night.
There is currently no recommended dose for melatonin supplements. It is important to know that people react differently to the intake of melatonin. Sensitive people tolerate lower doses better. For sleep problems, the right dose of melatonin can make you sleep well and not be tired or irritable the next day. So, if you are tired all the time, melatonin is a good way to break the vicious cycle.
Start with a very low dose of melatonin and watch what happens. Follow the instructions on the packaging or consult a doctor if uncertain.
Melatonin dosage in children
Sometimes children also benefit from melatonin. If your child suffers from nervous system disorders that cause sleep problems, the doctor may prescribe melatonin for your child. It is also used to treat symptoms of ADHD, autism, cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy) and childhood developmental disorders. However, higher doses of melatonin cause seizures in children. In addition, they affect the development of adolescents due to interactions with other hormones. Be sure to ask a doctor before you give your child melatonin.
Melatonin dosage in adults
Jet lag: In several studies, 0.5 to 5 milligrams of melatonin were administered orally one hour before going to bed at the destination to overcome the jetlag. Or take one to five milligrams of melatonin every evening for one hour before bedtime two days before departure and two to three days at the destination.
Biorhythm disorders: (sleep disorders) in patients with and without ametropia, a single dose of 0.5 to 5 milligrams is enough orally at bedtime or as a daily dose over a period of one to three months.
Sleep phase syndrome: Take 0.3 to 6 milligrams orally per day for two weeks to three months before sleep (usually five milligrams are given).
Based on scientific studies, traditions and expert opinions, there are many more dosage recommendations depending on the type of symptoms.
When it comes to sleep problems, many people take one tablet just before going to bed, meaning they do not work fast enough and take a second one. Some people wake up at night and take another dose of melatonin. This may not trigger serious problems. Nevertheless, this is not a safe application method. The more melatonin you take, the greater the likelihood that you will experience unwanted side effects.
When you buy melatonin in the UK, you should always talk to your doctor in advance, especially if there is any signs of cancer.
Buying Melatonin in the UK
Having already written a lot about the effect and origin of melatonin in this blog post, it is now a question of the reasons why melatonin cannot be officially purchased in UK pharmacies.
Melatonin has a pharmacological effect in our body, so it is also referred to as our sleep hormone. It regulates our day and night rhythm and is actually seen in a similar way to other hormones, such as cortisone, testosterone or estrogen. These are all “natural substances” that are already approved as medicines in Germany but are only available via a doctor’s prescription in UK pharmacies, since the health risk from use outside of medical supervision would be too great.
Melatonin is classified as a medicine
In the UK, however, we have been thinking very intensively about melatonin since the 1990s. In the USA, melatonin is available as food in all supermarkets, drugstores or even at gas stations, without somehow requiring pharmaceutical advice or even requiring a doctor’s prescription. You just take it off the shelf there and you can buy it uncontrollably.
In the UK, in 1996, the relevant ministry decided that melatonin is a substance with pharmacological effects and that it must therefore be classified as a medicinal product. As a result, from that point on, all products had to be approved by the Ministry of Health in the UK via a drug approval process, which means that appropriate studies on efficacy, safety and quality must also be submitted. Thus, preparations containing melatonin as a dietary supplement were no longer marketable because they do not have this approval and carrying out the necessary studies involves significant costs.
Melatonin in the USA
In the USA, a decision on melatonin was made in the 1990s, but it was much different. Melatonin has been classified as food. The US seemingly interpreted the study situation differently at the time and saw classification as a medicine as not given. The legal situation in the US stipulates that the competent authority would later have to prove that products are harmful to the body after all, as unexpected side effects may occur above or so. This is the only way to make a different classification. As a result, melatonin has been buying in the US for decades without a prescription. Governments have also come up with different classifications in some European countries than the UK, the Netherlands and Spain you can buy melatonin over the counter. There is no single European classification for such substances, but it is up to the countries to decide.
Melatonin on doctor’s prescription
It took until 2008 in the UK for the first medicine with the active ingredient melatonin to actually be approved. This is the ready-to-use medicine circadin, which contains two milligrams of melatonin. The approval has also been pronounced only on one indication, the short-term treatment of severe sleep disorders in people over 55 years of age. In addition, treatment has also been limited to 13 weeks.
In 2012, the European Food Authority (EFSA) looked at the so-called health claims, the health claims that manufacturers are allowed to make with their food products. This includes dietary supplements. The Health Claim clearly dictates which advertising statements are legally permitted and which information may be used to advertise on the Internet, on brochures, in advertising or on the product itself. This EFSA awarded melatonin two such health claims to melatonin in 2012. On the one hand, the short-term treatment of jet lag and on the other hand the shortening of the sleep phase for one and during sleep disorders.
Approved health claims for melatonin
This has led to the assumption on the manufacturer side that the classification as a medicinal product is invalid if the health claims are adhered to and used in conjunction with your products. In the short term, there were preparations with melatonin dosages of 1 to 5 milligrams to buy in the UK pharmacies, but also in numerous online shops. At this stage, I would rather describe the legal situation as uncertain or even contentious. EFSA has made it clear that the pharmaceutical legislation of the individual countries outweighs the prevails. What legal nonsense would this also be if manufacturers were allowed to bring products to market that are covered by the medical prescription with other product information.
Procedures against melatonin products are currently under way
But today, however, there are products in internet shops and drugstores that can obviously be bought without any problems and are even advertised offensively. Manufacturers claim that we can intake the same amount of melatonin through food in a very natural way as is contained in these products, and that they must therefore not be classified as medicines. Legal proceedings are currently under way here and I am curious to see what verdict the judges will reach, because this could greatly liberalise the trade in melatonin in the UK and render drug tourism from abroad obsolete.
In the UK guidelines on the treatment of one and sleep disorders, which were recently newly adopted, melatonin plays only a very minor role. Luckily, however, one finally distances oneself from the classic sleeping pills and only gives them a benefit for short-term therapy. The first and most important measure is therefore behavioural therapy with appropriate relaxation measures and good sleep hygiene. Melatonin is mentioned only very briefly on the sidelines, because here the responsible scientists do not see a meaningful study situation.
In my opinion, this weak significance of the study situation after so many years of application in other countries is actually very incomprehensible. Apparently, you still don’t know enough about normal blood levels or reference values. The dosage of melatonin supplements is also still being discussed. There are very different dosed products from 0.5 mg to 5 mg.
High dosage of melatonin is more likely to be unsuitable
If one reads on the part of US doctors on this topic, the high dosage is sometimes viewed quite critically. Here, a dosage of one to two milligrams crystallizes.
One trend that can be observed in the US is melatonin administration in children. This is viewed very critically by experts. Parents believe that through melatonin they do something good to their children to send them fitter to school in the morning or to increase and improve learning processes.
This development is, of course, also reflected in marketing, which is much more unrestricted in the United States and is certainly not permissible in Europe in this form. I take a critical view of this trend, because many manufacturers are exploiting consumer ignorance in order to optimise their sales and health usually plays a very minor role in this.
Since melatonin can be sold in many countries without the approval of medicinal law, the pharmaceutical industry probably has only a small interest in financing studies and sending products through these procedures, so that in the UK also in this regard little will be done in the coming years if there will be no changes in the jurisprudence. Drug tourism will therefore continue to be high for such substances, as many people organise the desired products from abroad.
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